House prices end 2020 at record high, but pace of growth has slowed – Halifax House Price Index

House prices end 2020 at record high, but pace of growth has slowed, according to the latest publication of the Halifax House Price Index.

  • On a monthly basis, house prices in December were 0.2% higher than in November
  • In the latest quarter (October to December) house prices were 2.6% higher than in the preceding three months (July to September)
  • House prices in December were 6.0% higher than in the same month a year earlier


Average price


Monthly change


Quarterly change


Annual change


Russell Galley, Managing Director, Halifax, said:

“Average houses prices rose again in December, stretching the current run of continuous gains to six months. However, the monthly rise of 0.2% was the lowest seen during this period and significantly down on the 1.0% increase in November. The average house price was therefore little changed, but nonetheless still reached a fresh record of £253,374.

“2020 was a tale of two distinct halves for the housing market. Following a strong start, the first half was dominated by the restrictions on movement due to COVID-19, and prices were subsequently down 0.5% at mid-year as the market effectively ground to a halt. However, when the market reopened, prices soared as a result of pent-up demand, a desire amongst buyers for greater space and the time-limited incentive of the stamp duty holiday.

“All this left average prices sitting some 6.0% higher at the end of 2020 when compared to December 2019, a notably strong performance given the anticipated impact of the pandemic earlier in the year. Whilst the annual rate of inflation did fall compared to November (+7.6%) to stand at its lowest level since August, it should be noted that this also reflects a particularly strong period for house prices towards the end of 2019 as political uncertainty at that time began to ease.

“In the near-term, and with mortgage approvals still sitting at a 13-year high, there may be enough residual strength in the market to sustain prices up to the deadline for the stamp duty holiday and the scaling back of Help to Buy at the end of March. However, with the pace of the UK’s economic recovery expected to be constrained by the renewed national lockdown, and unemployment widely predicted to rise in the coming months, downward pressure on house prices remains likely as we move through 2021.”

Key facts – Housing activity:
  • HMRC Monthly property transactions data for UK home sales rose for the seventh consecutive month in November. UK seasonally adjusted residential transactions in November 2020 were 115,190 – up by 8.6% from October (up 3.3% on a non-seasonally adjusted basis). The latest quarterly transactions (September-November 2020) were approximately 46.9% higher than the preceding three months (June/August 2020). Year on year, transactions were 19.1% higher than November 2019 (22.0% higher on a non-seasonally adjusted basis). (Source: HMRC, seasonally-adjusted figures)
  • Mortgage approvals rose in November to the highest level seen in over 13 years. The latest Bank of England figures show the number of mortgages approved to finance house purchases rose by 6.7% to 104,969. Year-on-year, the November figure was 56.4% above November 2019. Source: Bank of England, seasonally-adjusted figures)
  • Results from the latest (November 2020) RICS Residential Market Survey remain positive but show an easing in momentum for housing market activity. New buyer enquiries displayed a net balance of +27% (previously +42% in October), new instructions +16% (+30% previously) and agreed sales +25% (+41% previously). (Source: Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors’ (RICS) monthly report)


Kindly shared by Halifax

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